Arch Craniofac Surg.  2022 Apr;23(2):77-82. 10.7181/acfs.2022.00059.

Extraordinarily aggressive cutaneous sarcomatoid squamous cell carcinoma of the face: a case report

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Daegu Fatima Hospital, Daegu, Korea

Abstract

Sarcomatoid squamous cell carcinoma (SSCC), a biphasic malignant tumor consisting of atypical squamous epithelial and mesenchymal elements mixed with epithelioid and spindle cells, is a variant of squamous cell carcinoma. Cutaneous SSCC is very rare and aggressive and has a poor prognosis. Here, we report a case of cutaneous SSCC with satellites and in-transit metastases. A 79-year-old woman presented with a protruding mass on the left temporal area sized 1.2× 1.0 cm. The punch biopsy report indicated keratoacanthoma or well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. The size of the tumor increased to 2.7× 2.0 cm after 8 days. An excisional biopsy was performed with a 2 mm safety margin. The tumor was identified as SSCC with a clear resection margin. Reoperation was performed thrice with an increased safety margin of 10 mm; however, the cancer recurred along with satellites and in-transit metastases. Chemoradiotherapy was administered; however, the size of the tumor increased along with satellites and in-transit metastases. The patient expired 162 days after the initial excision. Complete excision and immediate multidisciplinary approach should be combined during the early stages due to the aggressiveness and poor prognosis of cutaneous SSCC with satellites and in-transit metastasis.

Keyword

Carcinoma, squamous cell / Case reports / Head and neck neoplasms / Neoplasm metastasis / Sarcoma, spindle cell / Skin neoplasms
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