Arch Craniofac Surg.  2022 Apr;23(2):59-63. 10.7181/acfs.2022.00157.

Somatosensory evoked potentials are abnormal with plagiocephaly

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Musculoskeletal and Plastic Surgery, Department of Plastic Surgery, Helsinki University Hospital, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
  • 2Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Children’s Hospital, HUS Medical Imaging Center, Helsinki University Hospital, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
  • 3Cleft Palate and Craniofacial Centre, Helsinki University Hospital, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Abstract

Background
Deformational plagiocephaly is usually managed conservatively, as it tends to improve over time and with the use of conservative measures. However, before the year 2017 we operated on patients with severe plagiocephaly and neurological symptoms at the Helsinki Cleft Palate and Craniofacial Center.
Methods
Of the 20 infants with severe deformational plagiocephaly and neurological symptoms referred to us between 2014 and 2016, 10 underwent cranioplasty open reshaping of the posterior cranial vault. The parents of the last 10 patients were given information on the natural history of the condition and the patients were followed up with an outpatient protocol. The aim of this study was to gain information on the brain electrophysiology and recovery of patients after total cranial vault reconstruction by measuring the electroencephalogram (EEG) somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP; median nerve).
Results
Of the 10 participants in the operation arm, six had abnormal SEP at least on the affected cerebral hemisphere and all SEPs were recorded as normal when controlled postoperatively. In the follow-up arm, eight out of 10 participants had abnormal SEP at the age of approximately 24 months, and all had normalized SEPs at control visits.
Conclusion
Our data suggest that cranioplasty open reshaping of the posterior cranial vault did not affect abnormal SEP-EEG recordings. We have abandoned the operations in deformational plagiocephaly patients due to findings suggesting that expanding cranioplasty is not beneficial for brain function in this patient group.

Keyword

Craniotomy / Electroencephalogram / Plagiocephaly, nonsynostotic
Full Text Links
  • ACFS
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2023 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr