Arch Craniofac Surg.  2022 Apr;23(2):53-58. 10.7181/acfs.2022.00115.

Secondary bone grafting for alveolar clefts: surgical timing, graft materials, and evaluation methods

  • 1Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Keimyung University Dongsan Hospital, Keimyung University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea


Alveolar cleft belongs to the spectrum of cleft lip and/or palate, affecting 75% of cleft lip/palate patients. The goals of alveolar cleft treatment are stabilizing the maxillary arch, separating the nasal and oral cavities, and providing bony support for both erupting teeth and the nasal base via the piriform aperture. Secondary alveolar bone grafting is a well-established treatment option for alveolar cleft. Secondary alveolar bone grafting is performed during the period of mixed dentition using autologous bone from various donor sites. There are several issues relevant to maximizing the success of secondary alveolar bone grafting, including the surgical timing, graft material, and surgical technique. In this study, we reviewed issues related to surgical timing, graft materials, and evaluation methods in secondary alveolar bone grafting. Abbreviations: ABG, alveolar bone grafting; CBCT, cone-beam computed tomography; DBM, demineralized bone matrix; GPP, gingivoperiosteoplasty; rhBMP, recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein; 2D, two dimensional; 3D, three dimensional


Alveolar bone grafting / Cleft lip / Cleft palate / Donor selection / Surgical timing
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