Anat Cell Biol.  2021 Dec;54(4):479-488. 10.5115/acb.21.107.

Association between masticatory muscle activity and oral conditions in young female college students

Affiliations
  • 1Gimhae Jeil Dental Clinic, Gimhae, Korea
  • 2Department of Occupational Therapy, Division of Health Sciences, Dongseo University, Busan, Korea
  • 3Department of Dental Hygiene, Division of Health Sciences, Dongseo University, Busan, Korea

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of masticatory muscle activity and various oral condition factors, and to analyze their associations in order to improve the prevention and diagnosis of masticatory musclerelated diseases. This study included 30 Korean females (mean age of 20 years, age range of 19–21 years). Participants were instructed to complete a self-written questionnaire on factors that may affect their muscle activity. Surface electromyography was used to measure the activity of the masseter and temporalis muscles. We also observed the buccal mucosa ridge, tongue indentation, tooth cracks and fractures, and mandibular tori in the oral cavity. Spearman correlation analysis and the nonparametric Mann–Whitney U test were applied to the data. When subjects had temporomandibular disorder, the right temporalis muscle exhibited significantly lower activity (P<0.05). Those who had received orthodontic treatment within the previous 2 years showed significantly lower activity of the left masseter muscle (P<0.05). Those who had a left buccal mucosa ridge exhibited lower activity of the left masseter muscle and higher activity of the right temporalis muscle compared with those without such a ridge (P<0.05). Participants with no tongue indentation showed significantly higher activity in the left masseter muscle (P<0.05). These results indicate that there are relationships between masticatory muscle activity and various factors related to the oral condition.

Keyword

Masticatory muscles; Buccal mucosa ridge; Tongue indentation; Tooth cracks; Mandibular torus
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