Child Health Nurs Res.  2021 Oct;27(4):377-384. 10.4094/chnr.2021.27.4.377.

Effects of a breastfeeding coaching program on growth and neonatal jaundice in late preterm infants in South Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Professor, Department of Nursing, Daegu University, Daegu, Korea
  • 2Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, University of Ulsan, Ulsan, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
This study examined the effects of a breastfeeding coaching program for mothers on growth and neonatal jaundice in late preterm infants (LPIs).
Methods
This was a quasi-experimental study (non-randomized intervention) with a time-series design. The study was conducted among 40 LPIs who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of a university hospital in Daegu, South Korea. In the order of admission, the first 21 infants were assigned to the experimental group, and 19 were assigned to the control group. The intervention program consisted of home- based and web-based practical breastfeeding support education for mothers across a total of 5 sessions. Infant growth was measured using body weight, length, and head circumference, and neonatal jaundice was assessed using transcutaneous bilirubin levels.
Results
The likelihood of breastfeeding for infants in the experimental group at 4 weeks after discharge was the same as on the day of discharge, whereas it steadily decreased in the control group. There were significant differences in head circumference between the groups. However, weight, length, and transcutaneous bilirubin levels did not show a significant group-time interaction.
Conclusion
A formal breastfeeding coaching program should be considered in clinical settings and at home within the first few weeks postpartum.

Keyword

Breast feeding; Coaching; Growth; Neonatal jaundice; Premature infant
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