Korean J Fam Pract.  2021 Oct;11(5):352-356. 10.21215/kjfp.2021.11.5.352.

Differences in Sleep Apnea Pattern According to Obesity: Clinical Study Using Polysomnographic Data

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Uijeongbu St. Mary’s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Uijeongbu, Korea

Abstract

Background
The aim of this study was to compare the patterns of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) among obese and non-obese Korean adults, using clinical and polysomnographic data obtained for a polysomnographic study.
Methods
A retrospective descriptive study was conducted by analyzing polysomnographic data collected from 86 consecutive patients who underwent a polysomnogram from January 2011 to December 2012. Of the 86 subjects, 69 were diagnosed with OSA (apnea-hypopnea index [AHI] ≥5). These patients were categorized into the non-obese/wide oropharynx group (group W), non-obese/narrow oropharynx group (group N), and obese group (group O), based on body mass index (BMI) and otorhinolaryngological findings.
Results
There was no significantly different parameter among the three groups, although group O showed the highest AHI, followed by group W and by group N. Mean SaO 2 was lower in group W and O than in group N, but not significantly. Although central apnea was more common in group N and O than in group W, there was no significant difference in the number of episodes of central apnea among the three groups.
Conclusion
Based on AHI and SaO 2, this study demonstrated that the OSA of group O was the most severe, followed by group W and group N. Even though obesity was still important for OSA severity, this study also suggested that there might be pathogenic factors other than reduced upper airway in non-obese patients with OSA.

Keyword

Obstructive Sleep Apnea; Polysomnography; Obesity; Adult
Full Text Links
  • KJFP
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2023 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr