Oral Biol Res.  2021 Sep;45(3):150-155. 10.21851/obr.45.03.202109.150.

Clinical, histological, and deep learning-based assessments and treatment of oral verruciform xanthoma: a case report

Affiliations
  • 1Associate Professor, Department of Periodontology, Daejeon Dental Hospital, Institute of Wonkwang Dental Research, Wonkwang University College of Dentistry, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
  • 2Professor, Department of Periodontology, Daejeon Dental Hospital, Institute of Wonkwang Dental Research, Wonkwang University College of Dentistry, Daejeon, Republic of Korea

Abstract

Verruciform xanthoma is a benign growth found on the oral mucosa. Clinically, verruciform xanthoma is an asymptomatic lesion, and depending on the amount of keratin present on the surface of the oral mucosa, it can appear as a reddish-gray papillary, flat lesion or a slightly raised, rough lesion. The verrucous structure and exophytic properties of these lesions are similar to those of malignant tumors; therefore, histopathological assessment is required for an accurate and definitive diagnosis. The purpose of this case report is to present the clinical, histological, and deep learning-based assessments and treatment of verruciform xanthoma of the maxillary palatal gingiva.

Keyword

Biopsy; Deep learning; Hard palate; Immunohistochemistry; Xanthomatosis
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