J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc.  2021 Aug;60(3):223-231. 10.4306/jknpa.2021.60.3.223.

A Recognition Survey by Psychiatry Residents Regarding the Quality of Psychotherapy Training and Psychotherapy Competencies in Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Chuncheon National Hospital, Chuncheon, Korea
  • 2With Mind Psychiatry Clinic, Chuncheon, Korea
  • 3Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea
  • 4National Center for Mental Health, Seoul, Korea
  • 5Department of Psychiatry, Kyungpook National University Chilgok Hospital, Daegu, Korea
  • 6Department of Psychiatry, Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center, Daegu, Korea
  • 7Department of Psychiatry, Kangwon National University Hospital, Chuncheon, Korea

Abstract


Objectives
This study surveyed the quality of psychotherapy training and psychotherapy competencies during residency in Korea.
Methods
A questionnaire developed by The Committee of Residency Training of the Korean Neuropsychiatric Association was completed by fourth-year residents of Korean psychiatry (n=120). The questionnaire examined their demographic characteristics, their experience of clinical psychotherapy training, their degree of satisfaction in the quality of psychotherapy training, and self-rated competence regarding the six types of psychotherapies, including supportive psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, interpersonal psychotherapy, psychoanalytic psychotherapy, group psychotherapy, and family psychotherapy.
Results
The degree of satisfaction of the residents with the psychotherapy training was diverse among the types of psychotherapy and contents of training. Across all types of psychotherapies, the satisfaction levels of the quantity and quality of supervision education were low, except for psychoanalytic psychotherapy. Overall, more than 70% of residents were not satisfied with the theoretical education, clinical practice, and supervision education in three types of psychotherapies, including interpersonal psychotherapy, group psychotherapy, and family psychotherapy. A positive correlation was found between the degree of satisfaction with the quality of training experience and self-rated competence of psychotherapy. Specifically, the self-rated competence of psychotherapy was more highly correlated with the experience of clinical cases and supervision than theoretical education
Conclusion
This study showed the quantitative and qualitative status of psychotherapy training in Korean psychiatry residency programs, and the satisfaction level of psychotherapy education was low except for psychoanalytic psychotherapy. There is a strong need for the improvement of psychotherapy training programs in Korea.

Keyword

Medical residency; Medical education; Psychotherapy
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