Clin Exp Emerg Med.  2021 Jun;8(2):128-136. 10.15441/ceem.20.098.

Emergency department utilization and risk factors for mortality in older patients: an analysis of Korean National Emergency Department Information System data

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Department of Emergency Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Department of Emergency Medicine, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea
  • 4Department of Emergency Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Abstract


Objective
With trends in population aging an increasing number of older patients are visiting the emergency department (ED). This study aimed to identify the characteristics of ED utilization and risk factors for in-hospital mortality in older patients who visited EDs.
Methods
This nationwide observational study used National Emergency Department Information System data collected during a 2-year period from January 2016 to December 2017. The characteristics of older patients aged 70 years or older were compared with those of younger patients aged 20 to 69 years. Risk factors associated with in-hospital mortality were analyzed by multivariable logistic regression.
Results
A total of 6,596,423 younger patients and 1,737,799 older patients were included. In the medical and nonmedical older patient groups, significantly higher proportions of patients were transferred from another hospital, utilized emergency medical services, had Korean Triage and Acuity Scale scores of 1 and 2, required hospitalization, and required intensive care unit admission in the older patient group than in the younger patient group. ED and post-hospitalization mortality rates increased with age; in particular, older medical patients aged 90 or older had an in-hospital mortality rate of 9%. Older age, male sex, transfer from another hospital, emergency medical service utilization, a high Korean Triage and Acuity Scale score, systolic blood pressure <100 mmHg, respiratory rate >20/min, heart rate >100/min, body temperature <36°C, and altered mental status were associated with in-hospital mortality.
Conclusion
Development of appropriate decision-making algorithms and treatment protocols for high risk older patients visiting the ED might facilitate appropriate allocation of medical resources to optimize outcomes.

Keyword

Aged; Emergency service, hospital; Mortality; Risk factors
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