Korean J Dent Mater.  2021 Jun;48(2):79-88. 10.14815/kjdm.2021.48.2.79.

A study on the formation of bovine serum albumin-containing hydroxyapatite on titanium using electrochemical deposition method

  • 1Department of Dental Materials and Dental Materials Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea


In this study, the hydroxyapatite (HAps) containing bovine serum albumin (BSA) were coated on titanium using the electrochemical deposition (ECD) method. Negative electric current pulses were applied to titanium specimens at 37 ℃ using a Ca- and P-containing electrolyte in which BSA was added E-BSA-10, E-BSA-15, and E-BSA-20 groups were prepared by changing the electric current to –10 mA, –15 mA, and –20 mA, respectively. As a comparative group, an E-15 specimen was prepared by applying a current of -15 mA to the specimen in Ca- and P-containing electrolyte without BSA. A coating film composed of nanosheet-shaped crystals was observed on the surface of each specimen, and the size of the nanocrystals on the BSA-containing groups was larger than that of the E-15 group. These crystals were smaller in size and higher in density as the applied current values were increased. All specimens had HAp crystalline structure. BSA-containing specimens showed a tendency of preferential growth of HAp crystals in c-axis orientation, and this tendency decreased as the applied current values were increased. In the FT-IR spectrum, amide peaks that corresponds to BSA were identified. As a result of soaking the BSA-containing group specimens in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) for 60 hours, it was observed that the crystal structure aligned with the c-axis was disordered, and BSA was released slowly with the decomposition of HAp. This study is expected to be applied to the development of a surface treatment method for coating titanium implants with HAp containing various biological factors in the future.


Titanium; Surface modification; Electrochemical deposition; Hydroxyapatite; Bovine serum albumin
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