Infect Chemother.  2021 Jun;53(2):384-390. 10.3947/ic.2020.0301.

A Fatal Case of Bacteremia Caused by Vibrio cholerae Non-O1/O139

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea
  • 2Department of Internal Medicine, Daegu Fatima Hospital, Daegu, Korea

Abstract

Vibrio cholerae is a pathogen known to cause the waterborne epidemic disease cholera. Overall, V. cholerae O1 or O139 strains produce the cholera toxin that cause gastroenteritis, resulting in watery diarrhea. Most of the enterocolitis caused by V. cholerae can be easily treated with fluid therapy and conservative care. However, V. cholerae non-O1/O139 strains can cause extraintestinal infections, such as wound infection or sepsis, in immunocompromised patients. The clinical course of these infections is very similar to that of V. vulnificus infection. We report about a 52-year-old man without previous underlying disease who was diagnosed with V. cholerae non-O1/O139 infection and died within 72 hours after admission to the intensive care unit.

Keyword

Vibrio cholerae; Non-O1/O139; Septic shock
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