J Biomed Transl Res.  2021 Jun;22(2):100-104. 10.12729/jbtr.2021.22.2.100.

A case of canine blepharoconjunctivitis associated with atopic dermatitis

Affiliations
  • 1College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61168, Korea
  • 2BK21 project team, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61168, Korea

Abstract

An 8-year-old, spayed female Maltese dog was presented with a one-month history of erythema, swelling and alopecia of periocular region with pruritus. The skin lesions were first detected at the age of three years, but this was the first time that symptoms had appeared in the eyes. Physical examination revealed markedly swollen and erythematous eyelids and conjunctiva including Meibomian glands. In addition, periocular alopecia and tears were identified. Slit lamp microscopy revealed erythema of conjunctiva and swelling of Meibomian glands. The Schirmer’s tear test was normal. Impression smear cytology of eyes revealed sterile neutrophils and corneal epithelial cells. There were no virus or bacterial infections in the eyes. On skin examination, generalized erythema was detected but there were no other skin lesions. A case of allergic blepharoconjunctivitis associated with canine atopic dermatitis was diagnosed based on history taking and skin examination. Treatment included cetirizine, cyclosporine, prednisolone and Forus eye drops® . The owner was instructed to wear an Elizabethan collar around his dog's neck at all times and restrict walking. And the diet was changed to hypoallergenic dog food. Medications and environmental restrictions significantly reduced erythema, edema and swelling of meibomian glands. Pruritus was also decreased. Six weeks later, the edema lesions of eyes disappeared.

Keyword

dog; eye; blepharitis; conjunctivitis; atopic dermatitis
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