Korean Med Educ Rev.  2021 Jun;23(2):108-117. 10.17496/kmer.2021.23.2.108.

Q‐Methodology  Study  on  Medical  Students’ Perceptions  of  Good  Jobs

  • 1Department of Computer Education, Busan National University of Education, Busan, Korea
  • 2Department of Medical Education, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea
  • 3Department of Emergency Medicine, Wonju Severance Christian Hospital, Wonju, Korea


This study investigated medical students’ perceptions of good jobs. We classified medical students’ perceptions of good jobs and analyzed the characteristics of each type. The Q methodology was used to extract medical students’ subjective thoughts. After extracting statements based on previous studies, 46 Q samples were selected. The P sample consisted of 40 medical students divided evenly by gender and grade. They performed a Q sort of the 46 Q sample questionnaire and the results were analyzed using the QUANL ver. 1.2 program. Very few consensus statements were found in the replies. We divided answers into four types, each of which was clearly distinguished: (1) quality of life-oriented jobs, (2) reward-oriented jobs, (3) service-oriented jobs, and (4) self-realization-oriented jobs. Medical students in type 1 prioritized quality of life equally at work and at home. Medical students in type 2 preferred high-paying jobs. Medical students in type 3 placed importance on serving others. Finally, medical students in type 4 viewed good jobs as involving learning and development. The types of jobs sought were classified according to individual students’ values and subjectivity. Medical schools may use the results of this study as a basis for career guidance.


Good job; Medical student; Q-methodology; Self-realization; Service
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