J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc.  2021 May;60(2):143-157. 10.4306/jknpa.2021.60.2.143.

Development of the Battery Test for Screening of Depression and Mental Health: PROtective and Vulnerable factors battEry Test (PROVE)

  • 1Mind’s AI, Co. Ltd., Seoul, Korea
  • 2Department of Psychiatry, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Institute of Behavioral Science in Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea


This study developed a battery test that allows a comprehensive evaluation of depressive symptoms and related protective-vulnerable factors to screen for depression and mental health and examined the reliability and validity of the test.
PROtective and Vulnerable factors battEry test (PROVE) consisting of five sub-sections was developed: depressive symptomatology (PROVE-DS), suicide risk (PROVE-SR), and three protective-vulnerable factors, which were adult attachment type (PROVE-ATT), adverse childhood experience (PROVE-ACE), and mentalization capacity (PROVE-MC). Two hundred and thirteen subjects completed the PROVE test and other comparative scales, and the analysis was carried out based on the data.
The PROVE test showed good convergent, discriminant, and concurrent validity as well as adequate internal consistency. In addition, five sub-sections of the PROVE test showed significant relevance to each other.
The results of this study indicate that the PROVE test is a reliable and valid test, which will be useful for the prevention, evaluation, and treatment of depression in various clinical settings.


Depression; Suicide risk; Protective factor; Vulnerable factor; Adult attachment; Adverse childhood experience; Mentalization; Validity; Reliability
Full Text Links
  • JKNA
export Copy
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
    DB Error: unknown error