J Korean Soc Radiol.  2021 May;82(3):688-692. 10.3348/jksr.2020.0111.

Transvaginal Direct Puncture and Ethanol Sclerotherapy for Cervicovaginal Venous Malformations: A Case Report and Literature Review

  • 1Department of Radiology, Inje University College of Medicine, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Goyang, Korea
  • 2Department of Radiology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Department of Radiology, Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan, Korea
  • 4Department of Radiology, Kangwon National University Hospital, College of Medicine, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Korea


Cervicovaginal venous malformations are extremely rare. Sclerotherapy is proven to be effective for superficial venous malformations but not for venous malformations in the lower genital tract of female. A 52-year-old female presented with intermittent vaginal bleeding. The amount of vaginal bleeding gradually increased over 3 months. Contrast-enhanced pelvis CT showed several phleboliths and dilated vessels, but pelvic angiography showed no early draining veins, nidus, or feeding artery. We performed transvaginal direct puncture and ethanol sclerotherapy rather than surgical treatment because she wanted to preserve the uterus. After four sessions of sclerotherapy, she had significantly decreased vaginal bleeding without complications. Here, we report the first case of cervicovaginal venous malformations successfully treated with transvaginal direct puncture and ethanol sclerotherapy.


Cervix Uteri; Vagina; Vascular Malformation; Ethanol; Sclerotherapy
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