Asian Nurs Res.  2021 May;15(2):89-95. 10.1016/j.anr.2020.10.001.

Lived Experiences of Korean Young Adults After Heart Transplantation: A Phenomenological Approach

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing, Dankook University, Cheonan, Republic of Korea
  • 2College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • 3Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Abstract

Purpose
This study aimed to explore and describe the lived experience of young adult heart transplant recipients in Korea.
Methods
Fifteen young adult heart transplant recipients participated in this qualitative study. Data were collected from March to August 2019 through in-depth individual interviews and analyzed using Colaizzi's phenomenological method.
Results
Their experiences about the arduous journey of heart transplant surgery and life after surgery were captured in four themes: (1) unwelcome rebirth without vitality, (2) facing unreachable ordinary tasks in life, (3) lifestyle bordering between burdensome and self-valued, and (4) finding the true meaning of a newly given life.
Conclusion
Young adult heart transplant recipients struggled with the burdens of their health problems, which impacted their employment and relationships. The participants' lifelong challenges and psychological turbulence identified in this study provide guidance for health-care providers to understand this population.

Keyword

heart transplantation; young adult; life-change events; qualitative research
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