Asian Nurs Res.  2021 May;15(2):105-112. 10.1016/j.anr.2020.12.003.

Development and Validation of the Humanistic Practice Ability of Nursing Scale

  • 1Department of Nursing, Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang City, Henan Province, China
  • 2Kashgar Prefecture Second People's Hospital, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China
  • 3Department of Nursing, Sanquan College of Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang City, Henan Province, China


The purpose of this study was to develop a Humanistic Practice Ability of Nursing (HPAN) scale adapted to China and validate its psychometric properties.
The original HPAN scale was revised through a literature review. Sixteen experts who met the inclusion criteria were consulted 2 rounds by the Delphi method. According to their suggestions and opinions, the structure, content, and semantics of each item of HPAN were modified, and a HPAN scale was preliminarily developed. The HPAN scale was validated through item analysis, exploratory factor analysis, convergent validity, and reliability. The data came from 406 first-class hospital nurses.
A 5-dimension, 29-item HPAN scale demonstrated satisfactory fit with significant factor loadings. The split-half reliability coefficient of the scale was .98, the split-half reliability coefficient of each dimension was .86–.99, Cronbach's α coefficient was .96, and the Cronbach's α coefficient of each dimension was .87–.98. The model fit of the scale was good, and the items of the scale showed convergent and discriminant validity.
The HPAN scale indicated that the reliability and validity were good. It is easy to imply factors of HPAN. This scale can be used to assess the HPAN.


factor analysis; statistical; humanism; nurses; psychometrics
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