J Korean Neurosurg Soc.  2021 May;64(3):460-468. 10.3340/jkns.2020.0212.

Extremely Low Serum Alanine Transaminase Level Is Associated with All-Cause Mortality in the Elderly after Intracranial Hemorrhage

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Catholic Kwandong University International St. Mary’s Hospital, Incheon, Korea
  • 2Department of Neurosurgery, Catholic Kwandong University International St. Mary’s Hospital, Incheon, Korea

Abstract


Objective
: Extremely low alanine transaminase (ALT) levels are associated with all-cause mortality in frail elderly individuals; the clinical significance of ALT as a reliable biomarker is now being considered. Predicting mortality with routine tests at the time of diagnosis is important for managing patients after intracranial hemorrhage. We aimed to investigate whether an extremely low ALT level is associated with mortality in the elderly after intracranial hemorrhage.
Methods
: A retrospective review was performed on 455 patients with intracranial hemorrhage admitted to a university-affiliated tertiary care hospital from February 2014 to May 2019. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed for all ages and for each age group to determine whether an extremely low ALT level is an independent predictor of mortality only in the elderly.
Results
: Overall, 294 patients were enrolled, and the mean age of the subjects was 59.1 years, with 99 (33.8%) aged ≥65 years. The variables associated with all-cause mortality in all subjects were age, C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, hemoglobin (Hb) levels (<11 g/dL), and initial Glasgow coma scale (GCS) scores. In young patients, CRP, low Hb levels, and initial GCS scores were significantly associated with all-cause mortality. However, in the elderly (≥65 years), the variables significantly associated with allcause mortality were extremely low levels of ALT (<10 U/L) (adjusted hazard ratio, 3.313; 95% confidence interval, 1.232–8.909; p=0.018) and initial GCS scores.
Conclusion
: Extremely low ALT level (<10 U/L) at the time of diagnosis is a significant risk factor for all-cause mortality in the elderly after intracranial hemorrhage.

Keyword

Alanine transaminase; Frail elderly; Frailty; Intracranial hemorrhages; Mortality
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