J Menopausal Med.  2021 Apr;27(1):37-41. 10.6118/jmm.20028.

The Largest Uterine Leiomyoma Removed by RoboticAssisted Laparoscopy in the Late Reproductive Age: A Case Report

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea
  • 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Uterine leiomyoma is a very common gynecological tumor in the reproductive years. Recent studies have shown that surgical treatment of uterine leiomyoma using robotic-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy (RALM) is associated with significantly fewer complications, lower estimated blood loss, fewer conversions, and less bleeding than conventional laparoscopic myomectomy. This study reports the case of a giant uterine leiomyoma treated using RALM. A 50-year-old woman was referred to our outpatient clinic with progressive abdominal distension. Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging were performed and showed a markedly enlarged uterus containing a 28-cm uterine myoma. RALM confirmed the 28-cm subserosal myoma on the posterior wall of the uterus. The myoma was enucleated, and the myometrial and serosal defect was repaired with a continuous suture using barbed suture materials. The entire myoma was removed using an electric morcellator. The operation lasted for 190 minutes. The total weight of the removed myoma was 3,262 g, and uterine leiomyoma was pathologically diagnosed. There were no postoperative complications. Although the treatment of huge myomas using RALM is controversial and technically demanding, we successfully performed RALM in a patient with a large myoma. This case confirms the efficiency, reliability, and safety of a robotic-assisted laparoscopic approach for removing a huge myoma. In a well-selected case, RALM can be performed by experienced surgeons regardless of the size of fibroids.

Keyword

Leiomyoma; Morcellation; Myoma; Myomectomy; Robotic surgical procedures
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