Korean J Fam Pract.  2021 Apr;11(2):90-96. 10.21215/kjfp.2021.11.2.90.

Psychological Stress Management in Primary Care

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Family Medicine, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea

Abstract

Counseling patients regarding lifestyle modification and psychosocial problem is a fundamental competency for primary care physicians. Primary care physicians play an important role in early detection and management of psychological stress because they provide first contact of care for new health problem and continuity of care. Proper management of psychological stress in primary care setting is also important to promote quality of life and prevent chronic disease such as depression, anxiety, and cardiovascular disease. Psychological stress is associated with detrimental health behaviors such smoking or drinking alcohol. So, there is growing need for systemic evaluation as well as professional stress management by primary care physician among patients with morbidity associated with psychological stress. Brief cognitive behavioral therapy in primary care setting is a well-known method to reduce psychological stress, depression, and anxiety. However, timely management of psychological stress is possible when experienced primary care physicians will keep in mind and pay attention on the psychological problem of the patients.

Keyword

Psychological Stress; Therapy; Primary Care; Cardiovascular Disease
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