Asian Oncol Nurs.  2021 Mar;21(1):52-61. 10.5388/aon.2021.21.1.52.

Effect of Nurse’s Character for Care and Sense of Coherence on Professional Quality of Life Among Oncology Nurses

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing, Konyang University, Busan, Korea
  • 2College of Nursing, Sahmyook University, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Graduate School of Clinical Nursing Science, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea
  • 4College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea
  • 5Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea
  • 6Department of Clinical Nursing, Ulsan University, Ulsan, Korea
  • 7College of Nursing, Gachon University, Seongnam, Korea
  • 8College of Nursing, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea
  • 9College of Nursing, Catholic University, Bucheon, Korea
  • 10College of Nursing, Kosin University, Busan, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
The purpose of this study was to identify the influence of the nurse’s character on care and the sense of coherence (SOC) on the professional quality of life among oncology nurses.
Methods
Data were collected from June 2 to July 1, 2020. The participants were 185 oncology nurses caring for cancer patients. Data were analyzed using independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffé test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and hierarchical multiple regression with the SPSS/WIN 22.0 program. Nurse’s Character Scale for Care in Clinical Settings (NCS_C) and SOC, Professional Quality Of Life (ProQOL), which is conceptualized with three sub-dimensions (compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress), along with demographic and work-related variables were measured.
Results
The compassion satisfaction and burnout results had a significant correlation with the nurse’ s character for care and SOC. In multiple regression analysis, the meaningfulness of sub-dimension SOC (β=.58) accounted for 67.8% of compassion satisfaction and the meaningfulness of sub-dimension SOC (β=-.37) accounted for 55.4% of burnout.
Conclusion
Meaningfulness of sub-dimension SOC was an important factor that could be used to improve the professional quality of life among oncology nurses. Therefore, it is necessary to develop and make available programs for oncology nurses to improve compassion satisfaction, and methods to decrease burnout needs to be developed.

Keyword

Character; Sense of coherence; Professional role; Quality of life; Oncology nursing
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