Int J Arrhythm.  2021 Mar;22(1):1. 10.1186/s42444-020-00029-1.

A novel KCNH2 frameshift mutation (c.46delG) associated with high risk of sudden death in a family with congenital long QT syndrome type 2

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Cardiology, Hospital Dr. José María Ramos Mejía, Urquiza 609, C1221ADC Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • 2Laboratory of Neurogenetics, Hospital Dr. José María Ramos Mejía, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Abstract

Background
The congenital long QT syndrome type 2 is caused by mutations in KCNH2 gene that encodes the alpha subunit of potassium channel Kv11.1. The carriers of the pathogenic variant of KCNH2 gene manifest a phenotype characterized by prolongation of QT interval and increased risk of sudden cardiac death due to life-threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmias.
Results
A family composed of 17 members with a family history of sudden death and recurrent syncopes was studied. The DNA of proband with clinical manifestations of long QT syndrome was analyzed using a massive DNA sequencer that included the following genes: KCNQ1, KCNH2, SCN5A, KCNE1, KCNE2, ANK2, KCNJ2, CACNA1, CAV3, SCN1B, SCN4B, AKAP9, SNTA1, CALM1, KCNJ5, RYR2 and TRDN. DNA sequencing of proband identified a novel pathogenic variant of KCNH2 gene produced by a heterozygous frameshift mutation c.46delG, pAsp16Thrfs*44 resulting in the synthesis of a truncated alpha subunit of the Kv11.1 ion channel. Eight family members manifested the phenotype of long QT syndrome. The study of family segregation using Sanger sequencing revealed the identical variant in several members of the family with a positive phenotype.
Conclusions
The clinical and genetic findings of this family demonstrate that the novel frameshift mutation causing haploinsufficiency can result in a congenital long QT syndrome with a severe phenotypic manifestation and an elevated risk of sudden cardiac death.

Keyword

Long QT syndrome; KCNH2; Frameshift mutation; Sudden death
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