Korean J Dent Mater.  2021 Mar;48(1):53-60. 10.14815/kjdm.2021.48.1.53.

Effect of the cutting flute of the orthodontic miniscrew on insertion and removal torque

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Jeonbuk National University, Jeonju-si, Republic of Korea
  • 2Department of Dental Biomaterials and Institute of Biodegradable Material, School of Dentistry, Jeonbuk National University, Jeonju-si, Republic of Korea
  • 3Dental Engineering, Kwangyang Health College, Kwangyang-si, Republic of Kore

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the structural characteristics of the thread length of orthodontic mini-screws and the effects of insertion and removal torques according to the formation of the cutting flute. Two types of mini-screws were made, with a thread length of 6.0 mm and a thread length of 3.3 mm. In order to examine the effect of flute formation, the experiment group was divided into a miniscrew test group with flute formation and an experiment group without flute formation. To evaluate the effect of flute formation, two flutes were formed at 180°on the circumference, and at the tip of the mini screw, up to 4 mm for thread length of 6.0 mm and 2.4 mm for thread length of 3.3 mm. A biomechanical test block formed of 2 mm cortical bone and 10 mm cancellous bone was used to eliminate the influence of the difference in cortical bone thickness and bone density according to the insertion site. 1 mm diameter guide hole was drilled on the test block and the mini-screw was placed vertically. Using a 0.1 N·cm precision digital torque gauge, the maximum torque value was recorded at this time by embedding it to the top of the screw under a static load of 1.2 kg and the value when it was removed in the opposite direction. The insertion torque values for the 6.0 mm and 3.3 mm length mini screws were (29.53±1.84) N·cm and (26.84±2.15) N·cm, and the removal torque values are (14.50±1.37) N·cm and (13.15±2.89) N·cm, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences (P>0.05). The flute of 6.0 mm mini-screws had no statistically significant difference in both insertion and removal torque values and increased to (30.13±1.97) N·cm and (18.65±1.10) N·cm (P>0.05). In experiments with 3.3 mm mini-screws, the insertion and removal torque values decreased to (20.99±3.94) N·cm and (11.32±2.03) N·cm, respectively, showing a statistically significant decrease only in the insertion torque values (P<0.05). The insertion and removal torque values of the mini-screw were not significantly increased even when the screw length was doubled, and the flute formation effect was different with the screw length.

Keyword

Miniscrew; Flute; Sawbone; Insertion torque; Removal torque
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