Ann Dermatol.  2021 Apr;33(2):178-181. 10.5021/ad.2021.33.2.178.

A Rare Case of Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma Accompanied by Acute Monoblastic Leukemia and Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dermatology, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang, Korea

Abstract

A 70-year-old female was referred for brown-to-gray colored papules and nodules on her lower legs. She had been diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in her stomach, and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) by bone marrow biopsy. Three years after complete remission of DLBCL, she experienced DLBCL recurrence in her small bowel and was hospitalized. MDS had been stationary, but during the treatment of DLBCL, her laboratory findings suggested signs of leukemia. Bone marrow biopsy was done, and acute monoblastic leukemia (AMoL) was diagnosed. After 1 cycle of chemotherapy for AMoL, skin lesions developed, and her skin biopsy showed cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase staining and CD123 staining were negative, and bone marrow re-biopsy conducted after the skin lesion developed still showed monoblastic proliferation. Whether the CTCL represented with an AMoL lineage switch could not be completely proved due to the absence of molecular or clonal marker evaluations, but the possibility of coexistence of three different malignancies was higher. During treatment, a neutropenic fever developed, and the patient died due to sepsis. We herein report a rare case of CTCL accompanied by AmoL and DLBCL.

Keyword

Acute monoblastic leukemia; Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma; Lineage switch
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