J Korean Biol Nurs Sci.  2021 Feb;23(1):64-71. 10.7586/jkbns.2021.23.1.64.

Effects of an Educational Program Based on Mobile SMS and Counseling for Colonoscopy in the Elderly

Affiliations
  • 1Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Jinju, Korea
  • 2Department of Internal Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea
  • 3College of NursingĀ·Institute of Health Science, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
This study was conducted to examine the effects of an educational program based on mobile SMS and counseling for colonoscopy in elderly people. Methods: The study utilized a non-equivalent control group with a non-synchronized design as a quasiexperimental research. The study subjects consisted of 72 elderly people (36 elderly people in the experimental group and 36 in the control group). Among the subjects, 49 were male (68.1%) and 23 were female (31.9%), and the age was 69.04Ā± 6.14 years. Fortyfive subjects (62.5%) answered that they had underlying diseases, eight subjects (11.1%) had a family history of colon disease, and 61 subjects (84.7%) had undergone a colonoscopy. The experimental group was provided with an educational program based on mobile SMS and counseling when three days and one day before the test. The control group received verbal explanations using information sheet. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, the Chi-squares test, and the independent t-test with SPSS/WIN 21.0.
Results
Significant differences were found in bowel cleanliness scores (t= 3.60, p= .003) between the groups. No significant differences were seen between the groups in the sedation drug dosage (propofol (t= 1.02, p= .730), midazolam (t= 0.66, p= .380)) and time for colonoscopy (t= 1.08, p= .235). Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, an educational program based on mobile SMS and counseling for colonoscopy was proposed as an educational program before colonoscopy.

Keyword

Aged; Colonoscopy; Education
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