J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg.  2021 Feb;47(1):15-19. 10.5125/jkaoms.2021.47.1.15.

Correlation between preoperative pressure pain assessments and anxiety and postoperative pain in impacted lower third molar surgery

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey

Abstract


Objectives
The aim of this study was to evaluate correlations between anxiety and preoperative pressure pain assessments and postoperative pain and analgesic requirements in impacted lower third molar tooth surgery.
Materials and Methods
This prospective study enrolled 60 patients who underwent impacted lower third molar surgery. The preoperative StateTrait Anxiety Inventory-I (STAI-I), pressure pain threshold, and pressure pain tolerance scores were measured. At 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 hours, and at 6 days following surgery, the patients scored their pain on the visual analogue scale and recorded their analgesic drug usage. The data were evaluated, and the results were statistically analyzed.
Results
Of the 60 patients, 38 were female. Mean age was 24.62±7.42 years. The study found no relationship between preoperative pressure pain assessments and postoperative pain (P>0.05). There was also no relationship observed between preoperative STAI-I scores and postoperative pain (P>0.05). However, there was a positive correlation between operation time and total medication taken (P<0.05).
Conclusion
Preoperative pressure pain threshold, pressure pain tolerance, and anxiety level had no significant effects on postoperative pain and analgesic requirements in impacted lower third molar surgery.

Keyword

Pain assessment; Anxiety; Postoperative pain; Third molar
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