Yonsei Med J.  2021 Feb;62(2):129-136. 10.3349/ymj.2021.62.2.129.

High-Sensitivity Troponin I Assay for Differential Diagnosis of New-Onset Myocardial Infarction in Patients with Acute Decompensated Heart Failure

Affiliations
  • 1Departments of Emergency Medicine, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.
  • 2Center of Biomedical Data Science, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.

Abstract

Purpose
Acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) caused by ischemic heart disease is associated with higher mortality and requires immediate diagnosis. Recently, novel methods to diagnose non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) using high-sensitivity cardiac troponin have been applied. We compared the clinical utility of high-sensitivity troponin I (hS-TnI), delta troponin I, and other traditional methods to diagnose NSTEMI in patients with ADHF.
Materials and Methods
This retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted to analyze patients with ADHF who underwent hS-TnI evaluation of 0–2-h protocol in our emergency department. Patients were grouped according to a diagnosis of NSTEMI.
Results
A total of 524 ADHF [ADHF with NSTEMI, n=109 (20.8%)] patients were enrolled in this analysis. The mean values of hS-TnI (ng/mL) in the ADHF with and without NSTEMI groups were 2.44±5.60 and 0.25±0.91, respectively. Multivariable analysis revealed that regional wall-motion abnormality, T-wave inversion/hyperacute T wave, and initial and delta hS-TnI were predictive factors for NSTEMI. Laboratory values related to cardiac biomarkers, including hS-TnI [odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval, CI): 2.18], and the delta hS-TnI [OR (95% CI): 1.55] were significant predictors of NSTEMI. Moreover, receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that the areas under receiver operating characteristic curves for electrocardiographic abnormalities, initial hS-TnI, and delta hS-TnI were 0.794, 0.802, and 0.773, respectively.
Conclusion
For diagnosis of suspected NSTEMI in patients with ADHF, initial hS-TnI assay has similar predictive value as ischemic changes on electrocardiogram and superior predictive value than delta hS-TnI calculated by the 0–2-h protocol.

Keyword

Myocardial infarction; heart failure; biomarker; troponin I
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