J Korean Soc Clin Toxicol.  2020 Dec;18(2):130-135. 10.22537/jksct.2020.18.2.130.

Predicting Factors Associated with Large Amounts of Glyphosate Intoxication in the Early-Stage Emergency Department: QTc Interval Prolongation

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center, Daegu, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
Taking large amounts of glyphosate is life-threatening, but the amounts of glyphosate taken by patients for suicide are not known precisely. The purpose of this study was to find the predictors of large amounts of glyphosate ingestion.
Methods
This retrospective study analyzed patients presenting to an emergency department with glyphosate intoxication between 2010 and 2019, in a single tertiary hospital. The variables associated with the intake amounts were investigated. The parameters were analyzed by multivariate variate logistic regression analyses and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.
Results
Of the 28 patients with glyphosate intoxication, 15 (53.6%) were in the large amounts group. Univariate analysis showed that metabolic acidosis, lactic acid, and corrected QT (QTc) interval were significant factors. In contrast, multivariate analysis presented the QTc interval as the only independent factor with intoxication from large amounts of glyphosate. (odds ratio, 95% confidence interval: 1.073, 1.011-1.139; p=0.020) The area under the ROC curve of the QTc interval was 0.838.
Conclusion
The QTc interval is associated significantly with patients who visit the emergency department after being intoxicated by large amounts of glyphosate. These conclusions will help in the initial triage of patients with glyphosate intoxication.

Keyword

Glyphosate; Emergencies; Herbicides; Triage
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