J Audiol Otol.  2021 Jan;25(1):49-54. 10.7874/jao.2019.00325.

Cochlear Implantation via the Transmeatal Approach in an Adolescent with Hunter Syndrome—Type II Mucopolysaccharidosis

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otolaryngology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea
  • 2Department of Medical Sciences, Ajou University Graduate School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea
  • 3BK21 Plus Research Center for Biomedical Sciences, Ajou University Graduate School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea

Abstract

Type II mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS II) commonly known as Hunter syndrome, is a rare X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by iduronate-2-sulfatase deficiency, which in turn causes otorhinolaryngological manifestations, including sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Previously, the median survival age of patients with MPS was approximately 13.4 years. However, in the era of enzyme replacement therapy and other multidisciplinary care modalities, the life expectancy has increased. Herein, we report a rare case of an adolescent with MPS II who underwent SNHL treatment with cochlear implantation (CI). Based on unexpected findings of mastoid emissary veins and overgrowth of the vessels around the temporal bone, CI was performed using the transmeatal approach instead of the conventional transmastoid method, to avoid damage to the vessels. The average hearing threshold after CI was 35 dB and no surgical complications were encountered. Adolescent MPS II may present vessel abnormalities, which can reduce the success rate of surgery. In patients with MPS II with SNHL, CI should be performed under careful monitoring of vessel overgrowth. Moreover, with regard to feasibility of CI in adolescent patients with MPS II with SNHL, surgical techniques such as the transmeatal approach should be selected based on adequate assessment of the case.

Keyword

Cochlear implantation; Mucopolysaccharidosis II; Hunter syndrome; Sensorineural hearing loss
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