J Trauma Inj.  2020 Sep;33(3):195-203. 10.20408/jti.2020.0050.

Part 3. Clinical Practice Guideline for Airway Management and Emergency Thoracotomy for Trauma Patients from the Korean Society of Traumatology

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Trauma Surgery, Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan,
  • 2Department of Emergency Medicine, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju,
  • 3Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Trauma Center, Dankook University Hospital, Cheonan,
  • 4Department of Traumatology, Gachon University College of Medicine, Incheon,
  • 5Department of Orthopedic Surgery, National Medical Center, Seoul,
  • 6Department of Surgery, Wonju Severance Christian Hospital, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju,
  • 7Department of Trauma Surgery, Uijeongbu St. Mary’s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Uijeongbu,

Abstract

The following key questions and recommendations are presented herein: when is airway intubation initiated in severe trauma? Airway intubation must be initiated in severe trauma patients with a GCS of 8 or lower (1B). Should rapid sequence intubation (RSI) be performed in trauma patients? RSI should be performed in trauma patients to secure the airway unless it is determined that securing the airway will be problematic (1B). What should be used as an induction drug for airway intubation? Ketamine or etomidate can be used as a sedative induction drug when RSI is being performed in a trauma patient (2B). If cervical spine damage is suspected, how is cervical protection achieved during airway intubation? When intubating a patient with a cervical spine injury, the extraction collar can be temporarily removed while the neck is fixed and protected manually (1C). What alternative method should be used if securing the airway fails more than three times? If three or more attempts to intubate the airway fail, other methods should be considered to secure the airway (1B). Should trauma patients maintain normal ventilation after intubation? It is recommended that trauma patients who have undergone airway intubation maintain normal ventilation rather than hyperventilation or hypoventilation (1C). When should resuscitative thoracotomy be considered for trauma patients? Resuscitative thoracotomy is recommended for trauma patients with penetrating injuries undergoing cardiac arrest or shock in the emergency room (1B).


Keyword

Airway management; Thoracotomy; Practice guideline; Wounds and injuries
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