J Agric Med Community Health.  2020 Mar;45(1):13-40. 10.5393/JAMCH.2020.45.1.013.

Directions and Current Issues on the Policy of Prevention and Management for Hypertension and Diabetes, and Development of Chronic Disease Prevention and Management Model in Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Konyang University, Daejeon, Korea
  • 2Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea
  • 3Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, Keimyung University, Dae-gu, Korea
  • 4Seoul Metropolitan Government Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
  • 5Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea
  • 6Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea
  • 7Department of Preventive Medicine, Dongguk University College of Medicine, Gyeongju, Korea
  • 8Department of Preventive Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea
  • 9Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea
  • 10Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Sooncheonhyang University, Cheonan, Korea

Abstract


Objectives
The purpose of this manuscript was to propose the policy and perspectives of prevention and management for hypertension and diabetes in Korea.
Methods
Authors reviewed the chronic disease prevention and management projects and models were executed in Korea until now, and analyzed and evaluated their performances.
Results
In the circumstances of Korea, the following several requisites should be improved ; Specific Korean strategy for development and pursuing of national level policy agenda for chronic disease management must be established. There are a need to establish several means of supplementing the weaknesses of the current chronic disease management policies and programs. Firstly, development and distribution of contents of guidelines on the systematic project execution regime (regarding systematization of local community, subjects and contents of the projects) with guarantee for the quality of chronic disease prevention and management are necessary. Secondly, there is a need for development of information system that can lead the chronic disease management programs currently being implemented. Thirdly, there is urgent need to develop resources such as cultivation of manpower and facilities for provision of education and consultation for the patients and holders of risk factors of chronic disease. Fourthly, there is a need for means of securing management system and financial resources for operation of policies and programs.
Conclusions
The results can be able to use as a road map, models, and direction and strategies of policies for chronic disease prevention and management of Korea.

Keyword

Policy of hypertension and diabetes mellitus; NCDs prevention and management
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