Imaging Sci Dent.  2020 Jun;50(2):125-132. 10.5624/isd.2020.50.2.125.

Cone-beam computed tomography of mandibular foramen and lingula for mandibular anesthesia

  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea
  • 2School of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea


The positions of the mandibular foramen (MnF) and the lingula affect the success rate of inferior alveolar nerve block. The objective of this study was to investigate aspects of the MnF and the lingula relevant for mandibular block anesthesia using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT).
Materials and Methods
Fifty CBCT scans were collected from a picture archiving and communications system. All scans were taken using an Alphard Vega 3030 (Asahi Roentgen Co. Ltd., Kyoto, Japan). Fifty-eight MnFs of 30 subjects were included in the study. The position of the MnF, the size of the MnF, the position of the lingula, the size of the lingula, and the shape of the lingula were measured and recorded. All data were statistically analyzed at a significance level of p<0.05.
The position of MnF was 0.1 mm and 0.8 mm below the occlusal plane in males and females, respectively. The horizontal position of the MnF was slightly anterior to the center of the ramus in males and in the center in females (p<0.05). The vertical position of the MnF was lower in females than in males (p<0.05). The MnF was an oval shape with a longer anteroposterior dimension. The height of the lingula was 9.3 mm in males and 8.2 mm in females. The nodular type was the most common shape of the lingula, followed by the triangular, truncated, and assimilated types.
CBCT provided useful information about the MnF and lingula. This information could improve the success rate of mandibular blocks.


Mandible; Anatomy, Cross-Sectional; Nerve Block; Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
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