J Korean Med Sci.  2020 Aug;35(30):e262. 10.3346/jkms.2020.35.e262.

Underutilization of Hospital-based Cardiac Rehabilitation after Acute Myocardial Infarction in Korea

  • 1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea
  • 2Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Department of Health Policy and Management, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 4Institute of Health Policy and Management, Medical Research Center, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea


Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is recommended as a mandatory intervention in several national clinical practice guidelines published in America, Europe, and Korea to reduce recurrence and mortality. However, underutilization of CR is an established worldwide issue. In Korea, the promotion of CR is expected due to coverage by National Health Insurance. Nevertheless, the national status of CR use has not been reported. This retrospective cohort study aimed to investigate the current status of CR use in patients with AMI using nationwide data from the National Health Insurance Service of Korea.
Patients with AMI admitted with the diagnosis of ‘I21’ code (from International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision, Clinical Modification) from July 1st, 2017 to June 30th, 2018 were included. CR use was defined as CR treatment or evaluation being performed during an outpatient follow-up period within 6 months after discharge. Participation rate and density were calculated nationally and by administrative division. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the influencing factors of CR participation.
Nationally, 1.5% of AMI patients (960/64,982) underwent CR during outpatient treatment after discharge. CR density was approximately 10. Logistic regression analysis revealed that influencing factors included old age, female sex, rural residence, and low Charlson comorbidity index.
Hospital-based CR after AMI is underutilized despite its coverage by the National Health Insurance. More CR facilities have to be installed according to the needs of CR in various regions.


Acute Myocardial Infarction; Cardiac Rehabilitation; Patient Participation Rates; Density; Barrier; Health Services Underutilization
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