Korean J Radiol.  2020 Aug;21(8):935-945. 10.3348/kjr.2019.0743.

Management of Complications during Below-the-Knee Endovascular Treatment: A Technical Note

  • 1Departments of Radiology, Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Departments of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea


We retrospectively reviewed the cases in which complications occurred during below-the-knee (BTK) endovascular treatmentsthat were performed at our hospital from 2005 to 2014. Several interesting cases have been described herein. All the patientshad diabetes and non-healing wounds on their feet and/or rest pain in their foot or leg, and therefore, endovascular treatmentwas performed for the BTK arteries of the affected lower extremity. The complications that occurred during the procedure wereclassified into six categories—vascular spasm, flow limiting dissection, perforation, broken guidewire, distal thromboembolism,and unusual puncture site bleeding. Each complication has its own solutions and management. We discuss these different classesof complications and describe how cases of each type were managed.


Diabetes; Angioplasty; Complication
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