Arch Plast Surg.  2020 Jul;47(4):340-346. 10.5999/aps.2019.01039.

Hinged multiperforator-based extended dorsalis pedis adipofascial flap for dorsal foot defects

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Plastic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

Abstract

Background
Adipofascial flaps covered with a skin graft address the challenges involved in reconstructing dorsal foot defects. The purpose of this study was to describe a large adipofascial flap based on the perforators of the dorsalis pedis artery for large foot defects.
Methods
Twelve patients aged 5–18 years with large soft tissue defects of the dorsal foot due to trauma were treated with an extended dorsalis pedis adipofascial flap from May 2016 to December 2018. The flap was elevated from the non-injured half of the dorsum of the foot. Its length was increased by fascial extension from the medial or lateral foot fascia to the plantar fascia to cover the defect. All perforators of the dorsalis pedis artery were preserved to increase flap viability. The dorsalis pedis artery and its branches were kept intact.
Results
The right foot was affected in 10 patients, and the left foot in two patients. All flaps survived, providing an adequate contour and durable coverage with a thin flap. Follow-up lasted up to 2 years, and patients were satisfied with the results. They were able to wear shoes. Donor-site morbidity was negligible. Two cases each of partial skin graft loss and superficial necrosis at the tip of the donor cutaneous flap occurred and were healed by a dressing.
Conclusions
The hinged multiperforator-based extended dorsalis pedis adipofascial flap described herein is a suitable method for reconstructing dorsal foot defects, as it provides optimal functional and aesthetic outcomes with minimal donor site morbidity.

Keyword

Foot injuries; Dorsalis pedis flap; Perforator flaps; Dorsal foot soft tissue defects
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