Gut Liver.  2020 Jul;14(4):450-458. 10.5009/gnl19165.

Clinical Factors to Predict the Response to Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy and Survival in Esophageal Cancer Patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Korea
  • 2Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea

Abstract

Background/Aims
Several clinical factors have been used to predict the response for concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT); however, these factors are insufficient for prognostic predictions. We investigated clinical factors to assess whether they could be used to predict the response to CCRT and the survival of patients with esophageal cancer.
Methods
Patients with esophageal cancer underwent CCRT from January 2005 to December 2015. Response to CCRT was classified as progressive disease (PD), stationary disease (SD), partial remission (PR), or complete remission (CR). Factors to predict the response to CCRT and patient survival were subsequently investigated.
Results
A total of 535 esophageal cancer patients underwent CCRT. Four hundred ninety-three patients were followed up, and patient outcomes were investigated. In the adjusted analysis, patients with advanced stage disease (relative risk [RR], 0.28 in stage III and 0.12 in stage IV compared to stage I), poor performance status, circumferential involvement (RR, 0.61), and male sex (RR, 0.31) were less likely to achieve CR. Advanced stage disease (hazard ratio [HR], 1.71 in stage III/IV), poor CCRT response (HR, 2.82 in PR, 4.47 in SD, 4.77 in PD compared to CR), and poor performance status (HR, 1.38 in ECOG 2–4) were found to increase mortality.
Conclusions
Advanced stage disease, poor performance status, male sex, and circumferential involvement were independent predictive factors for a poor response to CCRT. Advanced stage, poor performance status, and poor CCRT response were independent factors for decreased survival.

Keyword

Esophageal neoplasms; Chemoradiotherapy; Treatment response; Survival
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