Asian Nurs Res.  2020 May;14(2):105-113. 10.1016/j.anr.2020.04.002.

Development of Knowledge and Attitudes Survey on Pain Management for Korean Long-term Care Professionals

  • 1College of Nursing, Kyungpook National University, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Daegu, Republic of Korea
  • 2College of Nursing, Kyungwoon University, Gumi, Republic of Korea
  • 3College of Nursing, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea
  • 4Cardiovascular Center, Busan Saint Mary's Medical Center, Busan, Republic of Korea


Inappropriate knowledge and attitude toward pain management of professionals has been pointed to be major obstacles to effective pain management in long-term care setting. The purpose of this study was to develop the knowledge and attitudes survey on pain management for Korean long-term care (LTC) professionals (KASP-K).
To develop the KASP-K, the knowledge and attitudes survey regarding pain developed by Ferrell and McCaffery in 2014 was amended after a review of broad literature and the latest pain management standards. A rigorous validation process of the KASP-K was performed by testing the content validity, item difficulty and discrimination index, construct validity, testeretest reliability, and internal consistency.
The KASP-K consisted of 22 items and showed a content validity index of >0.7. The average difficulty of the KASP-K was 0.56 and the discrimination index was >0.2. The construct validity of the KASP-K was verified because of the differences in the sum scores depending on pain education (t ¼ 2.30, p ¼ .024). The testeretest reliability was r ¼ .79 (p < .001) and the Cronbach's alpha was 0.73.
This preliminary evaluation of the KASP-K demonstrated acceptable validity and reliability. The KASP-K will be able to provide scientific and empirical data regarding the knowledge of and attitude toward pain management by LTC professionals.


attitude; knowledge; long-term care; pain management; validation study
Full Text Links
  • ANR
export Copy
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
    DB Error: unknown error