J Korean Med Sci.  2020 Jun;35(21):e139. 10.3346/jkms.2020.35.e139.

Anti-Sm Antibody, Damage Index, and Corticosteroid Use Are Associated with Cardiac Involvement in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Data from a Prospective Registry Study

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea
  • 2Department of Rheumatology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea
  • 3Department of Medical Statistics, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea

Abstract

Background
Disease-specific factors that predispose patients to diverse cardiac diseases in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have been established. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for cardiac involvement in patients with SLE drawn from the Korean Lupus Network (KORNET) registry.
Methods
A total of 437 patients with SLE recruited from the KORNET registry were included in the analysis. The Cox proportional hazard model was used to identify risk factors for the development of cardiac involvement during the follow-up period. The hazard ratios for risk factors of cardiac involvement were assessed using Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank test.
Results
Of 437 patients with SLE, 12 patients (2.7%) developed new cardiac involvement during a median follow-up period of 47.6 months. Frequencies in men and in patients with anti-Sm antibody, anti-Ro antibody, and at least one Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology damage index (SDI) score in patients with cardiac involvement were higher, compared to those without cardiac involvement (P < 0.001, P = 0.026, P = 0.015, and P < 0.001, respectively). Men gender, older age, anti-Sm antibody, SDI, and corticosteroid dosage were potent predictors for cardiac involvement in patients with SLE in the determination of risk factors for cardiac involvement. Men, anti-Sm antibody positivity, and SDI ≥ 1 increased incidence rates of cardiac involvement for (P < 0.001, P = 0.036, and P < 0.001, respectively).
Conclusion
The results of this study reveal that SLE-related factors such as anti-Sm antibody, SDI, and corticosteroid dosage at baseline are risk factors for cardiac involvement in SLE.

Keyword

Systemic Lupus Erythematous; Cardiovascular Disease; Autoimmunity; Steroid
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