J Korean Clin Nurs Res.  2020 Apr;26(1):26-46. 10.22650/JKCNR.2020.26.1.26.

Nurses' Job Analysis in a Regional Emergency Center Using the DACUM

Affiliations
  • 1Nurse Manager, Department of Nursing, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
  • 2RN, Department of Nursing, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Head Nurse, Department of Nursing, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
This study aimed to establish the role of and to analyze the job of nurses in a regional emergency center using the Developing a Curriculum(DACUM) process, a job analysis technique.
Methods
The DACUM committee was organized, and three workshops were held from June 1st to July 4th, 2016. One hundred two nurses in a regional emergency center participated in a survey from October 3rd to 10th, 2016. The frequency, importance and difficulty of each tasks and task elements in the DACUM were investigated on a Likert scale.
Results
The roles of nurses in a regional emergency center were identified and the DACUM chart was developed with 6 duties, 29 tasks and 153 task elements. According to the survey, some tasks such as ‘CPR,’ ‘acute respiratory distress care,’ and ‘drug administration’ showed high frequency and importance or difficulty in all nursing units in common, and different results reflected the characteristics of each nursing unit were also found.
Conclusion
The results showed the feature of the regional emergency center. Based on these results, it is necessary to develop educational programs for practice.

Keyword

Job Description; Emergency Nursing; DACUM
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