Clin Nutr Res.  2020 Apr;9(2):81-89. 10.7762/cnr.2020.9.2.81.

The Association between Diabetes Education and Glucose Control in Diabetic Patients: Using the 2008 and 2013 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

  • 1Department of Preventive Medicine, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Cheonan 31151, Korea
  • 2Department of Food and Nutrition, Yeonsung University, Anyang 14011, Korea


This study was conducted to investigate the status of diabetes education in Korean diabetics and to analyze the association between blood sugar control and diabetes education. A total of 1,904 diabetic patients was classified into two groups (well-controlled group and uncontrolled group) using the 2008-2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey data, and various variables were compared. Of the 1,904 patients, 15.9% had received diabetes education. The uncontrolled group had a low economic level, a high rate of drinking and obesity, and a low rate of moderate exercise. And the rate of drug treatment in the uncontrolled group was high, and the rate of education and nutrition education, and the total number of educations for diabetes were significantly lower than those in the control group. Factors affecting blood glucose control were analyzed drinking (odds ratio [OR], 1.34; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.06–1.7), moderate exercise (OR, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.34–0.6), overweight and obesity (OR, 1.44; 95% CI, 1.17–1.78), duration of diagnosis (OR, 1.07; 95% CI, 1.05–1.08), treatment method (OR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.45–2.77), nutritional education (OR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.46–0.85), and education institution (OR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.54–0.93). The results of this study support that education on lifestyle management, such as a balanced diet, regular exercise, and normal weight maintenance, is essential for blood glucose control, and patients with long-term treatment need cyclic and continuous education.


Diabetes mellitus; Blood glucose; Educational status; Health communication
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