Korean J Adult Nurs.  2020 Feb;32(1):10-20. 10.7475/kjan.2020.32.1.10.

Influences of Patient Activation on Diabetes Self-Care Activities and Diabetes-Specific Distress

Affiliations
  • 1Director of Nursing, Ulsan University Hospital, Ulsan, Korea.
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing · Research Institute of Nursing Science, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea. suhyun_kim@knu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the influence of patient activation on diabetes self-care activities and diabetes-specific distress among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
METHODS
This cross-sectional correlational study was a secondary data analysis, utilizing data collected from September 2016 to July 2017, for 151 adults diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in ambulatory endocrinology units of two tertiary hospitals in a metropolitan city. The instruments used for data collection included the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities Questionnaire, the Patient Activation Scale, and the Brief Diabetes Distress Screening Instrument. Hierarchical multiple linear regression analyses were conducted to test the influence of patient activation levels on self-care activities and diabetes-specific distress, after controlling for demographic and clinical variables.
RESULTS
The average patient activation level was 67.8±16.72 (with the possible range from 0 to 100), and the average diabetes-specific distress level was 6.91±2.69 (with the possible range from 2 to 12). Diabetes self-care activities scores were highest in medication adherence and lowest in glucose self-monitoring. Patient activation was the significant factor influencing self-care activities, after controlling for demographic and clinical variables, but showed no significant influence on diabetes-specific distress. Oral hypoglycemic agents and insulin medications were the significant factors influencing diabetes-specific distress.
CONCLUSION
These findings indicate the importance of nursing interventions to improve patient activation and to alleviate diabetes-specific distress. Therefore, in order to improve diabetes self-care activities, it is necessary to facilitate patient activation for diabetes care.


MeSH Terms

Adult
Data Collection
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Endocrinology
Glucose
Humans
Hypoglycemic Agents
Insulin
Linear Models
Mass Screening
Medication Adherence
Nursing
Patient Participation*
Self Care*
Statistics as Topic
Stress, Psychological
Tertiary Care Centers
Glucose
Hypoglycemic Agents
Insulin
Full Text Links
  • KJAN
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
    DB Error: unknown error