Diabetes Metab J.  2020 Feb;44(1):143-157. 10.4093/dmj.2019.0078.

Association of Soybean Food Intake and Cardiometabolic Syndrome in Korean Women: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007 to 2011)

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Human Ecology, Graduate School of Korea University, Seoul, Korea. yookyung_kim@korea.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Preventive Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. shiningwk@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Soybean food consumption has been considered as a possible way to lower incidence of cardiometabolic syndrome (CMS) among Asians. However, results from studies investigating its efficacy on CMS in Asians have been inconsistent.
METHODS
We analyzed the association between soybean intake frequency and prevalence of CMS based on data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007 to 2011. Data of 9,287 women aged 20 to 64 years were analyzed. Food frequency questionnaire was used to assess soybean food consumption frequency. General linear model and multivariable logistic regression model were used to examine the association of soybean intake quintile with CMS and its risk factors. Least square means of metabolic factors mostly showed no significant relevance except liver indexes.
RESULTS
Compared to participants in the 1st quintile (<2 times/week of soybean food), odds ratios (OR) for CMS and abdominal obesity (AO) in the 4th quintile (8.5 times/weekCONCLUSION
Our findings suggest that soybean intake of 8.5 to 17 times/week was inversely associated with CMS in Korean women. The relation between soybean intake >17 times/week and CMS varied depending on soybean food items.

Keyword

Diabetes mellitus; Korea; Obesity, abdominal; Soy foods

MeSH Terms

Asian Continental Ancestry Group
Diabetes Mellitus
Eating*
Female
Humans
Hypertension
Hypertriglyceridemia
Incidence
Korea*
Linear Models
Liver
Logistic Models
Nutrition Surveys*
Obesity, Abdominal
Odds Ratio
Prevalence
Risk Factors
Soy Foods
Soybeans*

Figure

  • Fig. 1 Flow chart of participants. KNHANES, Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; DM, diabetes mellitus; HTN, hypertension.


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