J Korean Soc Laryngol Phoniatr Logoped.  2019 Dec;30(2):95-100. 10.22469/jkslp.2019.30.2.95.

Aerodynamic Characteristics of Voice Disorders (Polyp, Cyst) before and after Laryngeal Micro Surgery: Focus on Running Speech

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. hnsdi@catholic.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE
S: For patients with polyps and cysts, glottal gaps resulting from their lesions have negative respiratory effects when they vocalize. Phonatory Aerodynamic System is clinically used, but is often limited in the measurement of vowels. So the researchers attempted to verify the usefulness of Phonatory Aerodynamic System by comparing differences in respiratory characteristics and patterns which can be measured by the level of connected speech. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Among the subjects who were diagnosed through a stroboscopy, there were 33 patients with polyps and 23 patients with cysts. Then, 36 subjects who were found to have no specific findings through a stroboscopy and perceptual test were selected to the normal group. We compared respiratory characteristics and patterns. And compared vocal polyps and cysts before and after laryngeal micro surgery (LMS).
RESULTS
First, difference in respiratory patterns between the normal group and the patients with polyps and cysts were examined to show that breath groups, breath group syllables, and expiratory ยท inspiratory volume were significantly higher in the polyp/cyst group than those in the normal group, indicating that precision was lowered during the conversation, due to reduction in speech intelligibility and interruption of communication. Second, there were significant differences in maximum phonation time, mean flow rate, and subglottal pressure among respiratory characteristics, breath groups, breath group syllables, and inspiratory volume before and after LMS, which appeared to be similar to the normal group.
CONCLUSION
The understanding of respiratory characteristics and patterns produced by patients in connected speech which is most similar to natural speech was found to be the objective and useful method for examining characteristics of the subjects.

Keyword

Vocal cord; Polyp; Cyst

MeSH Terms

Humans
Methods
Phonation
Polyps
Running*
Speech Intelligibility
Stroboscopy
Vocal Cords
Voice Disorders*
Voice*
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