Chonnam Med J.  2020 Jan;56(1):68-74. 10.4068/cmj.2020.56.1.68.

The Diagnostic Utility of Prone Position Chest CT for the Evaluation of Esophageal Cancer

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Radiology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea. yhkim001@jnu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Radiology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.
  • 3Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the potential of a prone chest CT for the evaluation of esophageal cancer, as compared with a routine supine chest CT. 69 patients (67±18 years old) with pathologically confirmed esophageal cancers underwent MDCT in the supine and prone positions. The supine CT was performed first, followed by the prone position. Localization and staging of individual esophageal lesions on both the prone and supine CTs were assessed by two thoracic radiologists, using a scoring system that consisted of three confidence scales, and the results were correlated with the endoscopic and surgical findings. The mean confidence score for the detection of esophageal cancer was higher in the prone position (2.58±0.74) than that in the supine position (2.42±0.83) with statistical significance (p=0.002). The mean confidence score for predicting local invasion in the selected patients (n=18) who underwent esophagectomy was also higher in the prone position (2.39±0.85) than that in the supine position (2.06±0.73) with statistical significance (p=0.01). In 10 of 11 cases that showed definitive determination for periesophageal infiltration or adjacent organ invasion on the prone CT (score 3), the corresponding findings were also observed in the post-operative evaluations. In conclusion, prone chest CT for evaluating esophageal cancer could have advantages in regards to the localization of esophageal cancer and predicting local invasion compared to that of routine supine CT and can improve the diagnostic accuracy of chest CTs.

Keyword

Esophageal Neoplasms; Diagnostic Imaging; X-rays

MeSH Terms

Diagnostic Imaging
Esophageal Neoplasms*
Esophagectomy
Humans
Prone Position*
Supine Position
Thorax*
Tomography, X-Ray Computed*
Weights and Measures
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