J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2019 Dec;30(4):400-413. 10.12799/jkachn.2019.30.4.400.

A Systematic Review of Studies Using Video-recording to Capture Interactions between Staff and Persons with Dementia in Long-term Care Facilities

  • 1Visiting Scholar, School of Nursing, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA.
  • 2Doctoral Student, College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Associate Professor, College of Nursing · Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. yoon26@snu.ac.kr


The use of video-recording offers important advantages in observing and assessing the relationship between specific behaviors in health care settings. The purpose of this systematic review is to investigate and synthesize the methodological characteristics of studies using video-technology for measuring interactions with the older persons with dementia and staff in long-term care facilities.
We searched Medline, Embase and CINHAL databases for published articles in English using a video-recording method for both staff and the residents with dementia. Quantitative research design studies (e.g., descriptive or experimental studies) were included.
Among 5,605 searched papers, a total of 20 studies were selected for this review. Situations of video-recording were providing personal care (n=12), mealtime (n=6), and conversation (n=3). Concepts measured by video-recording were classified into two groups: 1) Staff [care practice by staff (n=13) and communication by staff (n=11)] and 2) residents [communication by resident (n=4), activities of daily life function of resident (n=8), and behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (n=10)].
This review demonstrates that video technologies are actively used to evaluate the relationship between quality of care and health outcomes of the elderly with dementia in many international nursing studies. This study provides the foundation for a future research using video-recording technologies to examine the interactions and relationships between staff and the residents in Korean long-term care settings.


Video recording; Nursing homes; Dementia; Interpersonal relations; Review
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