J Korean Foot Ankle Soc.  2019 Dec;23(4):143-148. 10.14193/jkfas.2019.23.4.143.

Approach for the Treatment on Hallux Valgus

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Wonkwang University Hospital, School of Medicine, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea. kensin06@hanmail.net

Abstract

Although many patients who undergo bunion repair do well and have satisfactory results, a critical evaluation of these results shows the potential for improvement. Metatarsal deformity of the hallux valgus is a 3-dimensional deformity, including rotation in the coronal plane. Theoretically, it is important to understand the 3-dimensional displacement of the first metatarsal for correcting the deformities of valgus rotation in the frontal plane. Yet the current methods of metatarsal osteotomy principally attempt to correct the deformity in the transverse plane. The modified technique for the Lapidus procedure can be used in a variety of hallux valgus conditions and severities, and the early results suggest that a powerful correction can be maintained. In addition, efforts have been made to correct the 3-dimensional deformity by performing metatarsal shaft osteotomy. In the case of degenerative arthritis, first metatarsophalangeal joint arthrodesis is a good option to correct the 3-dimensional deformation. Correction of the 3-dimensional deformity, including a rotational deformity in the frontal plane of the metatarsals, should be considered when selecting surgical treatment and is essential for achieving a good prognosis for patients with hallux valgus. This article reviews the classification and treatment of hallux valgus for correction of the 3-dimensional deformity.

Keyword

Hallux valgus; Metatarsal osteotomy; Metartasal pronation; Hallux adducto valgus; Tibial sesamoid

MeSH Terms

Arthrodesis
Classification
Congenital Abnormalities
Foot Deformities
Hallux Valgus*
Hallux*
Humans
Metatarsal Bones
Metatarsophalangeal Joint
Osteoarthritis
Osteotomy
Prognosis
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