J Vet Sci.  2019 Sep;20(5):e47. 10.4142/jvs.2019.20.e47.

Development of dental hygiene gum for cats considering their anatomical features of dentition

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Research Institute for Veterinary Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. kmseo@snu.ac.kr

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop effective dental hygiene chews for cats based on the anatomical features of the dentition and patterns of chewing motion. All cats were volunteered for dental prophylaxis followed by dental impressions using yellow stone and alginate under general anesthesia. Twenty parameters related to dentition were defined in order to compare dental impressions using digital caliper. For the chewing motion study, patterns of chewing motion were identified based on recordings made with a digital camera. Ten cats (4 domestic shorthairs, 2 Russian blues, 1 American shorthair, 1 Persian, 1 Turkish Angora, and 1 Devon Rex) were recruited for the study. The parameters related to teeth and oral size were similar among the studied cats. Chewing motion can be described as more of a guillotine-like motion rather than a crushing motion, with cats chewing 3-7 times before swallowing. The chewing pattern of cats involves shearing for a short period of time followed by immediate swallowing. Therefore, the overall size of the dental hygiene chew could be determined based on the measurement of the oral size for inducing chewing. The surface details of the dental hygiene chew could be designed for prevention and removal of dental calculus and plaque in cats considering the anatomical teeth parameters. Dental hygiene chews customized for cats considering the different anatomical features of their teeth might be effective for oral care.

Keyword

Cats; chewing motion; dental hygiene chew; dentition of anatomical features; periodontal disease

MeSH Terms

Anesthesia, General
Animals
Cats*
Deglutition
Dental Calculus
Dental Prophylaxis
Dentition*
Gingiva*
Mastication
Oral Hygiene*
Periodontal Diseases
Tooth
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