Korean J Clin Pharm.  2019 Sep;29(3):193-201. 10.24304/kjcp.2019.29.3.193.

A Systematic Review of Outcomes Research in the Hospital Pharmacists' Interventions in South Korea

Affiliations
  • 1College of Pharmacy, Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul 04310, Republic of Korea. eun-cho@sookmyung.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE
Since the introduction of hospital pharmacy residency programs in 1983, hospital pharmacists in South Korea have been expected to expand their roles. However, their services and the outcomes have not been fully understood. In this study, we conducted a systematic review of Korean hospital pharmacist-provided interventions with regard to intervention type, intervention consequences, and target patient groups.
METHODS
A literature search of the following databases was performed: Embase, PubMed, Medline, KoreaMed, RISS, KMbase, KISS, NDSL, and KISTI. The search words were "hospital pharmacist", "clinical pharmacist", and "Korea". Articles reporting clinical or economic outcome measures that resulted from hospital pharmacist interventions were considered. Numeric measures for the acceptance rate of pharmacist recommendations were subjected to meta-analysis.
RESULTS
Of the 1,683 articles searched, 44 met the inclusion selection criteria. Most articles were published after 2000 (81.8%) and focused on clinical outcomes. Economic outcomes had been published since 2011. The interventions were classified as patient education, multidisciplinary team work, medication assessment, and guideline development. The outcome measures were physicians' prescription changes, clinical outcomes, patient adherence, economic outcomes, and quality of life. The acceptance rate was 80.5% (p < 0.005).
CONCLUSION
Studies on pharmacist interventions have increased and showed increased patient health benefits and reduced medical costs at Korean hospital sites. Because pharmacists' professional competency would be recognized if the economic outcomes of their work were confirmed and justified, studies on their clinical performance should also include their economic impact.

Keyword

Hospital pharmacist; clinical pharmacist; pharmacist intervention; systematic review; Korea

MeSH Terms

Humans
Insurance Benefits
Korea*
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)*
Patient Compliance
Patient Education as Topic
Patient Selection
Pharmacists
Pharmacy Residencies
Prescriptions
Quality of Life
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