J Dent Rehabil Appl Sci.  2019 Sep;35(3):123-131. 10.14368/jdras.2019.35.3.123.

A literature review on burning mouth syndrome

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Conservative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.
  • 2Department of Dentistry Education, School of Dentistry, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.
  • 3Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea. tmjkim@jnu.ac.kr

Abstract

Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is defined as the xerostomia, burning sensation and various discomfort of tongue and oral mucosa. BMS can occur in both men and women, but is more frequent in middle-aged menopausal women. Because exact cause can't be identified clearly and it is hard to make diagnosis in clinic, the purpose of the treatment have been to relieve symptoms. Etiology of BMS is divided into local, systemic, and psychological factors. α-lipoic acid, clonazepam, supplemental therapy and cognitive behavior therapy can be prescribed for BMS. Nowdays, many experts focus attention on effect of combination therapy. It is necessary to solve the symptoms of the patients by combination of pharmacological approach and psychotherapy with cognitive behavior therapy considering the factors in various aspects.

Keyword

burning mouth syndrome; clinical features; etiology; diagnosis; treatment

MeSH Terms

Burning Mouth Syndrome*
Burns*
Clonazepam
Cognitive Therapy
Diagnosis
Female
Humans
Male
Mouth Mucosa
Psychology
Psychotherapy
Sensation
Tongue
Xerostomia
Clonazepam
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