J Audiol Otol.  2019 Oct;23(4):181-186. 10.7874/jao.2018.00465.

Perception of Tamil Mono-Syllabic and Bi-Syllabic Words in Multi-Talker Speech Babble by Young Adults with Normal Hearing

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Speech Language Pathology, Silver Buds Learning Centre, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • 2Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research (Deemed to be University), Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. ramyavaidyanath@sriramachandra.edu.in

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
This study compared the perception of mono-syllabic and bisyllabic words in Tamil by young normal hearing adults in the presence of multi-talker speech babble at two signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs). Further for this comparison, a speech perception in noise test was constructed using existing mono-syllabic and bi-syllabic word lists in Tamil.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS
A total of 30 participants with normal hearing in the age range of 18 to 25 years participated in the study. Speech-in-noise test in Tamil (SPIN-T) constructed using mono-syllabic and bi-syllabic words in Tamil was used as stimuli. The stimuli were presented in the background of multi-talker speech babble at two SNRs (0 dB and +10 dB SNR).
RESULTS
The effect of noise on SPIN-T varied with SNR. All the participants performed better at +10 dB SNR, the higher of the two SNRs considered. Additionally, at +10 dB SNR performance did not vary significantly for neither mono-syllabic or bi-syllabic words. However, a significant difference existed at 0 dB SNR.
CONCLUSIONS
The current study indicated that higher SNR leads to better performance. In addition, bi-syllabic words were identified with minimal errors compared to mono-syllabic words. Spectral cues were the most affected in the presence of noise leading to more of place of articulation errors for both mono-syllabic and bi-syllabic words.

Keyword

Speech perception; Signal-to-noise ratio; Young adults

MeSH Terms

Adult
Cues
Hearing*
Humans
Noise
Signal-To-Noise Ratio
Speech Perception
Young Adult*
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